Could -79 °C Spray-type Cryotherapy Be An Effective Monotherapy For The Treatment Of Keloid?
Tae Hwan Park1, Yun Joo Park2.
1CHA university, seongnam-si, Korea, Republic of, 2Hallym university, anyang-si, Korea, Republic of.
We evaluated the clinical efficacy of our -79 °C spray-type cryotherapy with molecular and pathologic evidence for the treatment of keloids. We evenly split each of ten keloid lesions into a non-treated (C-) and treated (C+) area; the C+ area was subjected to two freeze-thaw cycles of spray-type cryotherapy using -79 °C spray-type Cryotherapy. This treatment was repeated after an interval of two weeks. The proliferation and migration abilities of the fibroblasts isolated from the dermis under the cryotherapy-treated or untreated keloid tissues (at least 5 mm deep) were compared and pathologic findings of the full layer were evaluated. Molecular analysis revealed that the number of dermal fibroblasts was significantly higher in C+ group as compared with C- group. The dermal fibroblasts from C+ group showed more than two-fold increase in the migration ability as compared with the fibroblasts from C- group. The expression of matrix metallopeptidase 9 was increased by more than two-fold and a significant increase in transforming growth factor beta 1 expression and Smad2/3 phosphorylation level was observed in C+ group. C+ group showed more extensive lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with thicker fibrosis and occasional "proliferating core collagen" as compared with C- group. Thus, -79 °C spray-type cryotherapy is ineffective as a monotherapy and should be used in combination with intralesional corticosteroids or botulinum toxin A for favourable outcomes in the treatment of thick keloids.
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